Helen Zimmern


Helen Zimmern (1846 - 1934) was a British writer and translator who was born in Germany. She was a key figure in making European culture (namely German and Italian works) more accessible in the English language. Some of the works that she translated include works by Friedrich Nietzsche and Carlo Golondi, just to name a few.


Zimmern was also an author of critical articles of particularly German literature for The Examiner but also wrote for numerous other newspapers in German, Italian, and English. She was also a lecturer of Italian art later on. She was a friend and collaborator of Vernon Lee. She settled in Florence in the late 1980s where she collaborated on the Corriere della Sera and was an editor for the Florence Gazette.